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Ceramic Types

The ArchAIDE knowledge-base is a collection of search and retrieval tools that allows accessing the project reference database for types, decorations and stamps. Up to now, the knowledge-base contains types related to Terra Sigillata Italica, Hispanica, South Gaulish, and Roman Amphorae. 
Inserting a simple keyword in the search browser allows searching in all the text fields that describe each type. Clicking on the “Advanced” button, a complete form appears allowing to filter the results by all the relevant features of the specific entity. Clicking on the results allows complete access to all the information stored about a single type: description, chronology, origins and occurs, images, 3D models, references, equivalences.

ArchAIDE Types

Beirut 1

This has a slightly bulbous neck, short projecting pointed rim (early examples) or folded band rim (late first BC-Augustan). As with all Beirut amphorae (first century BC to seventh century AD), and these should be seen as a continuous series. The handles comprise a flat central band moulding, concave on either side. They are attached from the rim face to the shoulder, curving inwards towards their base. The body is tronco -conical, ending in a hollow cone toe with a rounded end. Shoulders are rounded. More »
  • Date Min: -75 - Date Max: 10
  • Forms:
    • amphorae
  • Characteristics:
    • Handle: Curved
    • Base: Pointed
    • Handle: Ridged
    • Neck: Hourglass
    • Rim: Triangular
    • Shoulder: Rounded
    • Body: Tapered
  • Period: Typical of the second half of the first century BC (c. 75-50 BC) to c. AD 10? More »
  • Primary Function: Transport

3D Model

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Measured length

Origin & occurrences

Beirut Point
Cyprus Area


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Media type: Drawing
Scale: Drawing at 1:10 scale

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Media type: Drawing

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Media type: 3D model

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Media type: Drawing

Equivalent types & comments

Equivalences defined in Beirut 1

No direct equivalences

Equivalences defined in other types

No indirect equivalences

Principal contributor: Paul Reynolds

Decorations & Stamps

Decorations defined in Beirut 1

No Decorations defined

Stamps defined in Beirut 1

No Stamps defined


Reynolds, P. 2005a: Levantine amphorae from Cilicia to Gaza: a Typology and Analysis of Regional Production Trends from the 1st to 7th Centuries,. LRCW I. Late Roman Coarse Wares, Cooking Wares and Amphorae in the Mediterranean: Archaeology and Archaeometry. British Archaeological Reports International Series. Oxford BAR International Series 1340 563-612
Reynolds, P. 2000: The Beirut amphora type, 1st century BC-7th century AD: an outline of its formal development and some preliminary observations of regional economic trends. Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautorum Acta. Abingdon 36 387-395
Reynolds, P. 1999: Pottery production and economic exchange in 2nd century Berytus: some preliminary observations of ceramic trends from quantified ceramic deposits from the Anglo-Lebanese excavations in Beirut. Berytus. 43 35-110